Are you interested in earning income doing what you like, and setting up a photography business is an idea that catches your attention? Well, although setting up a studio is a very valid idea, the truth is that this is a sector that has undergone great changes in recent years, beginning with the format that went from analog to digital. So, although the strategy to generate income from photography has changed, its principles as a technique are preserved and the statement: “the camera does not make the photographer”, continues to have the same validity as always.
If you are already a photographer, or you are just starting out and want to enter the world of photography, your options for buying the best camera are very varied and will depend on the focus of what you want to do, what you have in your budget, and what kind of device you want to take with you. That’s why we will help you choose the perfect one for you and your needs.
Good Cameras For Starting a Photography Business
First of all, let’s deliberately leave aside compact and bridge models that often do not have enough manual adjustment functions or are not practical enough in their functionality to properly explore Photography.
Let’s focus on hybrids and reflexes which, in addition to being much more advanced, allow you to change lenses according to your evolution and also the style of photography you want to achieve.
1) The Samsung NX3000
In the hybrid camera category (the hybrid camera is a compact, large sensor compact that can accommodate interchangeable lenses), the Samsung NX3000 is an excellent choice. Simple to use, cute, with very good image quality and one of the best battery life among hybrids, it has everything to become the perfect little companion in the family. In addition, its 180swivel screen and wifi connection will seduce beginner photographers.
2) Sony Alpha 5000
Still among hybrids, the Sony Alpha 5000 is a good choice for those who want to learn photography gently. Also equipped with Wifi and a good image quality up to ISO 3200, it is much more affordable than its successor the Alpha 5100 which for a much higher price does not bring much more to the model. It is the entry-level device to put a first foot in the picture.
Let’s Move on to The Reflexes….
Reflex cameras are distinguished from compact and hybrid cameras by their versatility and much more complex mechanics. A little larger, they often have better ergonomics and more functions than the latter. If you are not afraid of their size, note that they allow for greater precision in settings and better stability for shooting. The image quality of a retro-reflective sensor can also be of higher quality due to its larger sensor size. It is towards this choice that those who think they can push their photographic experience further should go.
It is not necessarily wise when starting to move towards a pro reflex lens like the famous Canon 5D MarkIII for example, which, in addition to a very high cost (count around 2 900 € for a bare camera without a lens), will require you to add professional lenses whose cost often exceeds 1 200 € on average for a standard lens. There are very good entry-level or mid-range reflexes that already allow you to make very beautiful images and enjoy taking pictures.
The following two devices are good examples. They also make it possible to film in full HD, which can be a little extra for holiday films or the beginnings of videographers:
3) Canon EOS 1200D
Sold with an 18-55mm zoom, the Canon 1200D remains quite easy to use and is also distinguished by the “My EOS Coach” application available on Android and iOS. This application helps beginners by introducing them to the use of their camera, explaining in a clear and didactic way, in pictures and videos, the different buttons and by offering them shooting exercises. In addition, it incorporates a “challenge” mode, where a situation and a photographic approach are randomly selected, the photographer’s mission being to take a shot that will meet both criteria. The application also includes the 1200D user manual, which can be particularly useful if you forget. This entry-level kit is one of the best choices for a fun and educational start.
4) Nikon D3200
The Nikon D3200 is sold at a slightly lower price than the Canon EOS 1200D. The Nikon D3200 will appeal to those looking for a serious, responsive, good sensor and… Nikon brand entry-level SLR. However, he will lack a little audacity to win against the cannon.
And to finish this selection, here is a device that could correspond to those who, a little more demanding, will wish to have from the beginning a slightly more advanced device (and a little more expensive unfortunately). However, you can keep it longer than an entry-level device before you get tired of it or reach its limits:
5) Canon 700D
If your budget allows it, you can aim for a 750D or 760D with an 18-55mm zoom that will do the job perfectly.
A camera alone doesn’t do everything and that a good lens is one of the 3 essential elements of a good picture. The camera, the lens and you. Equipping your camera with poor quality optics would be like putting smooth tires on a 400 horsepower sports car.
The first feature to consider when choosing an APN is the resolution, which translates into millions of pixels. The pixel is the unit of restitution of light in points. The higher the number of pixels, the more the details are restored and the more the photo can be enlarged to a good definition. From 8 megapixels, we obtain excellent photo prints.
The Size of The Sensor
Beware however : contrary to popular belief, high number of high pixels does not necessarily mean good quality.
Indeed, each pixel of a photo corresponds to the electrical signal sent back by a very small photoelectric sensor (“photosite”, conversion of the light into an electrical signal). A 10Mpix camera will have a sensor containing 10 million photosites.
Thus, the smaller the camera’s sensor, the more “small” and small photosites (imagine 100 people in a concert hall, and then a small 20m² studio: it’s the same). Gold that says small photosite, said sensitivity to noise and diffraction: so photos that will be of lesser quality.
The reference sensor size (the largest) is the “full size” size defined by the film size used in film cameras: 24x36mm. Then come the so-called “APS-C” sensors of most SLR cameras; Finally, much smaller, we find the sensors of compact digital devices.
So as you can see in the diagram, the sensors of compact cameras being much smaller, a 12Mpix compact will have a quality of photo less good than a reflex APS-C or full format of 12Mpix also. Because on these, the photosites will be bigger.
Digital cameras generally all have an optical zoom that allows you to adjust the sharpness of the subject photographed, enlarge or reduce without loss. Its power can vary from simple to triple from one device to another. Depending on its needs, we can add a removable zoom on some devices (on SLRs and hybrids only).
We distinguish the optical zoom allowing a real magnification of the shooting, the digital zoom which is actually limited to reframing.
Memory and Writing Speed
Photos from a digital camera are stored on the internal memory of the low capacity camera. Also an external memory card is needed to be able to take more photographs and better quality (high definition shots weighing heavier). With a 2GB memory card, you can store up to 600 photos in low resolution. Their capacity now goes up to 32GB.
When investing in memory cards, be sure to consider the speed of writing. For high pixel count devices, it is best to have a high write speed (100x or higher) to ensure that when shooting continuously, writing photos to the HD will follow the rate of photography!
If the camera you have chosen uses batteries, choose two sets of rechargeable batteries if you do not want to ruin yourself. The ideal being the cameras running on a battery and take a second to never find yourself out of luck.
All these features are shown in the product sheets of each digital camera. We advise you to read them carefully before making your choice to see if the displayed features are suitable for the use you want to make of your camera.
Finally, even with the best and most expensive camera in the world, as you learn, you will need to discover and understand the basic rules of photography, understand how your camera works so you can control it and decide what pictures you will take.